INFECTIOUS DISEASE OF THE TISSUES
Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease of the tissues which surround and support the teeth.
The inflammation extends deep into the tissues and gradually detachment from the gum and damages to the bone that supports the teeth roots is caused.
If not treated directly, the teeth initially show intense mobility and eventually drop. Periodontitis is considered the most common cause of tooth loss in adults, and its incidence is very high in age over 45 years. Periodontal disease can be diagnosed at an early stage by the special periodontist or by the dentist. The patient usually perceives the disease at a very advanced stage. Periodontitis, depending on the loss, is distinguished in early, medium or advanced and depending on its extent, is characterized as into localized or generalized.
The symptoms that usually accompany periodontal disease
- When gums bleed when brushed or on their own
- When the gums are red, swollen or sensitive
- When the gums have subsided
- Tooth mobility
- When the gums have been detached from the tooth
- Teeth movement
- Persistent odor
- Pus between tooth and gums
Agents that predispose to periodontitis
- Insufficient removal of dental plaque from the teeth
- Uncontrollable diabetes
- Stress and anxiety
- Systemic Diseases
- Diseases that affect the immune system (eg aids)
- Hormonal disorders
- Poor oral hygiene
- Drug intake
With special periodontal tools and ultrasound system, stone, microbes and toxins are removed from the root, painlessly with the use of local anesthesia.
The patient does not feel pain neither during the procedure nor after. The disadvantage is that this treatment has finite abilities to fully resolve the periodontal problem, with the result that the destruction continues but at a slower pace.
4 to 6 visits are usually required. Oral hygiene instructions are given to the patient (correct brushing, interdental brushes and sometimes oral solution and / or gel).
The ideal time to evaluate the effects of conservative periodontal treatment is 3 months
In some cases where periodontal disease has progressed, after a conservative treatment it is necessary to follow a surgical arrangement in specific points of the mouth.
The gums are locally cut with microsurgical methods the tissues are settled and then they are stitched together.
The advantages are the regeneration of lost periodontal tissues, sometimes the reduction of periodontal pockets, easier access to the root surface of the tooth by deposition of tartar, the more accurate prognosis. The patient feels some pain after surgery.
The disadvantage is that sensitivity to teeth occur in cold and warm after surgery and until complete recovery.
Conservative laser treatment
The additional use of laser in conservative treatment greatly reduces the likelihood of requiring periodontal surgery.
In conjunction with the conservative treatment, periodontal laser therapy (LPT) is effective, allowing the patient to stay healthy and live comfortably, being able to control the disease.
Periodontal laser therapy (LPT) is a safe and absolutely painless treatment. At the same time, there are no sensitivities in the teeth and it is particularly indicated to patients with health problems such as diabetes, heart disease, patients with allergy to antibiotics, hemophilia, HIV.
The energy from the laser is transferred to the periodontal pouch in order to remove the infected gum tissue and disinfect the micro-environment of the pocket by killing the bacteria and by inactivating the toxins on the surface of the tooth root and the gum tissue, thus activating the healing process.